Red Cross/ Red Crescent Climate Centre

Community resilience in Ethiopia

This important programme in Ethiopia’s Somali Region, one of the most food- and water-insecure parts of the country and containing its most inaccessible areas, used the PfR methodology of integrated disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and ecosystem management.

The programme strengthened community resilience by enhancing water and food security and protecting and restoring natural resources, blending anticipation, response, adaptation and transformation.

Partners also collaborated on early action that triggers resilience-building based on climate and weather forecasts before a potential disaster actually occurs. 

This forecast-based financing approach includes actions on health, livestock husbandry, and agriculture.

The main hazards in Ethiopia are drought and floods. In some parts of the country their frequency and severity is low enough to allow people to recover; in others – including much of Somali Region – they can be lengthy.

The Ethiopian community resilience programme was implemented in nine kebeles (the smallest administrative unit in Ethiopia, similar to a ward or neighbourhood) in the northern Fafan part of Somali Region, which includes the regional capital, Jijiga.