Red Cross/ Red Crescent Climate Centre

Working papers & briefs

Urban climate risks and the role of social protection - briefing note
April 12, 2021 
This brief gives an overview of the different climate-related hazards that urban spaces are at risk from and explains why social protection (SP) can be effective in addressing these risks. This is the first brief from the ‘Urban climate risks and the role of social protection’ series, which provides an introduction to the role of SP in tackling urban climate risks. 


Urban climate risks and the role of social protection - short case studies
April 12, 2021
This brief gives an overview of different country case studies where social protection (SP) systems have been used to address risks arising from climate-related hazards in urban spaces. It also explores how the existing SP systems in Tanzania, Bangladesh and Ethiopia could be modified, given adequate resources, to become shock responsive. This is the second brief in the ‘Urban climate risks and the role of social protection’ series.


Social protection for extreme temperatures - briefing note
April 12, 2021
This publication speaks about the climate-sensitive Social Protection programmes and policies that incorporate extreme temperature events from three high income countries: the United States of America, United Kingdom and France.The insights from this research will provide lessons and recommendations for international organizations that can be applied and translated to a variety of contexts across the globe.


Social protection for extreme temperatures - short case studies
April 12, 2021
In this publication you can read short case studies from the United Kingdom, United States of America and France.  




Expert Workshop report - Responding to Climate Impacts
February 22, 2021
On Monday 22 February 2021, the Climate Centre convened a workshop on responding to climate impacts with over 45 participants from developing and developed countries. The outcomes from that workshop are summarized in this report and will feed into the Climate and Development Ministerial Event being hosted by the UK Government in March 2021.


Maputo - National Adaption Planning
May 20, 2020
The Climate Centre working with partners under FRACTAL has led the process of having cities engaged in National Adaptation Planning processes. Many Urban areas are heavily impacted by impacts of Climate Change. Urban perspectives should therefore be a critical consideration as countries raise their ambition through the NAP processes and the NDCs.


A Guide to Effective Collaboration and Learning in Consortia
September 23, 2019

This guide shares examples and lessons from a range of consortia working in adaptation and resilience, and includes pointers for researchers, practitioners and other stakeholders. 


Opportunities and barriers to the access and use of climate information for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Uganda and Kenya
September 11, 2019

This report highlights the outcomes of a study to assess the opportunities and barriers to the access and use of climate information for urban small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Uganda and Kenya.


Companies and Climate Resilience: Mobilizing the power of the private sector to address climate risks
August 19, 2019

The innovations, investments, products and services, and political influence of corporations, large and small, are essential for enhancing the resilience of marginalized and vulnerable communities across the world in the face of climate variability and weather extremes. This paper explains these linkages and the opportunities of collaborating with the private sector. 

Resilience, Social Protection and Integrated Risk Management
June 18, 2018

This briefing note explains how social protection programmes that benefit individuals and households can complement community-based integrated risk manamagent approaches. 



Key messages from Partners for Resilience - World Urban Forum 2018
February 7, 2018

In this policy brief for the 9th session of the World Urban Forum in Kuala Lumpur, PfR argues that strengthening resilience in urban areas plays a significant role in minimizing risks. Strong, well-organized communities can manage the risks they face.



Resilience solutions: exploring social protection linkages to forecast-based financing
January 8, 2018 

This brief explores how social protection can support climate-risk management and resilience by addressing shocks before they happen, including by contributing to the resilience framework proposed in the BRACED programme.


Preparing for the 2015-2016 El Niño 
November 5, 2017

The Climate Centre study of humanitarian perparedness for the 2015-2016 El Niño in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Somalia and Zambia finds that messaging and forecast were timely and credible. 



March, 2017

Dialogue for decision-making: unpacking the 'City Learning Lab' approach 
December 23, 2016

This paper presents the City Learning Lab approach for inclusive decision-making at a city level. This paper was developed by partners in the Future Resilience for African Cities and Land (FRACTAL) project, a Future Climate For Africa consortium funded by DFID and NERC, focused on seven cities in Southern Africa.

Forecast-based action
August 12, 2015

This report was produced in collaboration with Reading University and with support from the UK Department for International Development. It covers research priorities for forecast-based financing as part of the university's programme entitled Science for Humanitarian Emergencies and Resilience.


Minumum Standards for local climate-smart disaster risk reduction, Informing the development of the post-2015 HFA
July 27, 2015

This paper presents the Minimum Standards for local climate-smart disaster risk reduction and details how they can help action on climate change post-2015. It provides an overview of the standards and their relevance for guiding climate-smart action at the community level, looking at the experience of the Philippines, Indonesia, and India in the context of the Partners for Resilience programme.


Managing the risk of extreme events in a changing climate,
Trends and oppotunities in the disaster-related funding landscape 

July 27, 2015

Policy-makers must determine how best to invest disaster-related funds, given an understanding of global distribution  of climate effects. This paper focuses on international and development-related funding mechanisms, building on the premise that rising risks of disaster due to climate change will require wise allocation of resources, and outlines categories of activities to which funding can be allocated. 


Loss and damage in a changing climate,
Games for learning and dialogue that link HFA and UNFCCC

July 27, 2015

This paper examines the role of games in improving communication and spurring learning, and improving decision-making capacity about climate risk management amongst diverse stakeholers. Among other aspects, it discusses challenges associated with communicating the concept of loss and damage and the implications post-2015. 


Introducing humanitarians and environmentalists to ‘decision science’ insights and applications
March 2, 2015 

An increasing number of scientific disciplines focus on understanding how and why people make decisions and behave the way they do – issues of great significance to humanitarian and environmental organizations working on climate change, risk management and other issues. This working paper examines how decision science – a collective term for research in fields such as behavioural economics, social psychology, cognitive science and conservation psychology – could improve the effectiveness of humanitarian interventions

Turning climate science into animations: A lesson in teamwork from the Pacific
July 29, 2014

Two humorous animation films by an alliance of agencies in the Pacific link climate science with decision-making and preparedness. The Pacific Adventures of the Climate Crab gives an overview of climate processes, impacts and possible adaptation measures in the wider Pacific region. Klaod Nasara (“cloud meeting place” in the Bislama language) focuses on similar topics in Vanuatu and has been produced in Bislama, English and French.


Gender and Climate Change
July 27, 2014

This guidance note outlines how climate change can impact men and women differently and identifies important ways in which gender roles can strengthen mens and women’s capacity to adapt to changing climate-related risks.




Ready! Lessons in the design of humanitarian games
February 21, 2014

This detailed look at best practice for using games in disaster risk reduction, using the example of Ready! in Namibia, documents what’s been learned by humanitarian organizations, designers, and practitioners interested in the potential of games. 



Beyond the Film – Innovations in the participatory use of film at international conferences on climate
June 14, 2013

How can film assist communication between stakeholders? This working paper argues for a “diversity of problem-solving approaches” as climate change unfolds. Film, a powerful medium, can kindle emotions and evoke changes of mind and behaviour; it offers promising way of eliciting positive changes in how we address climate change. 


Can games help people manage the climate risks
they face?

November 6, 2012

Games with an underlying serious purpose can speed up learning, dialogue and action on climate risks, engaging people’s minds and emotions, in sharp contrast to unidirectional learning through traditional lectures and PowerPoint presentations. Learn how with this working paper, the first in our series.